Embryonic stem cells
Tissue-specific stem cells
Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Mesenchymal stem cells (known as MSCs) are the adult stem cells that are usually found in the bone marrow. However, these stem cells can also be isolated from different tissues including peripheral blood, cord blood, fallopian tube, lung and fetal liver. Such stem cells are stromal cells that are multipotent, and it can differentiate into different cell types, including chondrocytes (known as cartilage cells), osteoblasts (known as bone cells), myocytes (known as muscle cells) and adipocytes (known as fat cells which help to grow marrow adipose tissue). MSCs can make not only fat, but also bone cells and cartilage, but they cannot make other types of cells in our body.
Induced pluripotent stem cells
These Stem cells are those cells that are created in the laboratory by changing cells with specific tissues, like skin cells, into such cells that act like embryonic stem cells. These stem cells can help scientists to understand and learn more about the usual development and disease onset. It is also useful for testing and developing new drugs and therapies. While these stem cells share many characteristics of embryonic stem cells, they are not precisely the same. Research and studies are still going on to identify the main differences and what these difference mean. These cells can be created from the tissue of the same person that will receive the transplantation, so it is easy to avoid the immune rejection.
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